By Bob Woodward
Twenty-five years in the past, after Richard Nixon resigned the presidency, Gerald Ford promised a go back to normalcy. "My fellow american citizens, our lengthy nationwide nightmare is over," President Ford declared.
however it was once now not. The Watergate scandal, and the treatments opposed to destiny abuses of strength, may have a permanent impression on presidents and the rustic. In Shadow, Bob Woodward takes us deep into the administrations of Ford, Carter, Reagan, Bush and Clinton to explain how each one came upon that the presidency was once ceaselessly altered. With designated emphasis at the human toll, Woodward exhibits the results of the hot ethics legislation, and the emboldened Congress and media. robust investigations more and more stripped away the privateness and protections as soon as anticipated through the nation's leader govt.
utilizing presidential files, diaries, prosecutorial files and countless numbers of interviews with firsthand witnesses, Woodward chronicles how all 5 males failed first to appreciate after which to control the inquisitorial surroundings.
"The temper was once mean," Gerald Ford says. Woodward explains how Ford believed he have been provided a deal to pardon Nixon, then clumsily rejected it and later withheld all of the information from Congress and the general public, leaving lasting suspicions that compromised his years within the White condo.
Jimmy Carter used Watergate to win an election, after which watched in bewilderment because the principles of strict responsibility engulfed his finances director, Bert Lance, and challenged his personal credibility. From his public pronouncements to the Iranian hostage trouble, Carter by no means came across the decisive, therapeutic variety of management the 1st elected post-Watergate president had promised.
Woodward additionally offers the 1st behind-the-scenes account of the way President Reagan and a unique staff of greater than 60 lawyers and archivists beat Iran-contra. They became the Reagan White apartment and usa intelligence businesses the other way up investigating the president with orders to reveal any incriminating info they discovered. A clean portrait of an engaged Reagan emerges as he realizes his presidency is in danger and makes an attempt to end up his innocence.
In Shadow, a sour and disoriented President Bush many times pours out his anger on the everlasting scandal tradition to his own diary as a dozen investigations contact a few of these closest to him. At one element, Bush kilos a plastic mallet on his Oval place of work table due to the carrying on with research of Iran-contra self sufficient suggestions Lawrence Walsh. "Take that, Walsh!" he shouts. "I'd wish to eliminate this guy." Woodward additionally unearths why Bush refrained from telling one of many last secrets and techniques of the Gulf battle.
the second one half Shadow specializes in President Clinton's scandals. Woodward indicates how and why self reliant counsel Kenneth Starr's research turned a kingdom of everlasting warfare with the Clintons. He unearths who Clinton fairly feared within the Paula Jones case, and the behind-the-scenes maneuvering and ruthless, cynical felony ideas to guard the Clintons. Shadow additionally describes how impeachment affected Clinton's struggle judgements and scarred his lifestyles, his marriage and his presidency. "How am i able to cross on?" First woman Hillary Clinton requested in 1996, whilst she used to be lower than scrutiny by means of Starr and the media, years prior to the Lewinsky scandal broke. "How can I?"
Shadow is an authoritative, unsettling narrative of the trendy, beleaguered presidency.